There are many things one needs around the kitchen. Things like bread, butter, eggs, and the occasional radish. But what about things like measurement equivalents and substitutions to use in a pinch? Are you prepared? This is the information that can get you through that recipe with ease and grace.
Measures and Weights
dash/pinch = less than 1/8 of a teaspoon
3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon
2 tablespoons = 1/8 of a cup or 1 fluid oz.
4 tablespoons = Ã?Â¼ of a cup or 2 fluid oz.
5 1/3 tablespoons = 1/3 of a cup
8 tablespoons = Ã?Â½ of a cup or 4 fluid oz.
12 tablespoons = Ã?Â¾ of a cup or 6 fluid oz.
16 tablespoons = 1 cup or 8 fluid oz.
1 cup = 8 fluid oz.
2 cups = 1 pint or 16 fluid oz.
4 cups = 1 quart
2 pints = 1 quart or 32 fluid oz.
4 quarts = 1 gallon
8 quarts = 1 peck
4 pecks = 1 bushel
16 ounces = 1 pound
1 ounce = 28.35 grams
1 liter = 1.06 quarts
Key Ingredient Substitutions
1 teaspoon lemon juice = Ã?Â¼ teaspoon white vinegar
1 cup firmly packed brown sugar = 1 cup sugar +2 tablespoons molasses
1 teaspoon baking powder = Ã?Â½ teaspoon baking soda +1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar
1 cup whole milk = Ã?Â½ cup evaporated milk + Ã?Â½ cup water, or 1 cup nonfat milk+2 teaspoons butter
1 cup honey = 1 Ã?Â¼ cup sugar + Ã?Â¼ cup liquid, or 1 cup molasses
1 cup buttermilk = 1 tablespoon cider vinegar or lemon juice + enough milk to equal 1 cup
1 cup sour cream = 1 cup plain yogurt, or 1 cup evaporated milk +1 tablespoon vinegar, or 1 cup cottage cheese mixed in blender with 2 tablespoons milk and 1 tablespoon lemon juice
1 cup corn syrup = 1 cup sugar+1/4 cup liquid
1 cup half and half = 7/8 cup milk +tablespoons butter, or 1 cup evaporated milk
1 cup plain milk = 1 cup sour milk, 1 cup buttermilk
1 cup cake flour = 1 cup sifted all purpose flour minus 2 tablespoons
Ã?Â¼ cup dry bread crumbs = Ã?Â¼ cup cracker crumbs, 1 slice bread, cubed, or 2/3 cup quick cooking oats.
1 oz/1 square unsweetened chocolate = 2 tablespoons cocoa powder +1 tablespoon margarine
1 oz/1 square semisweet chocolate = 1 square unsweetened chocolate +1 tablespoon sugar, or 3 tablespoons semisweet chocolate pieces
Ã?Â½ cup semisweet chocolate pieces for melting = 3 oz/3 squares semisweet chocolate
1 tablespoon fresh herbs = 1 teaspoon same herb, dried, or Ã?Â¼ teaspoon ground herb
1 teaspoon dry mustard = 2 teaspoons prepared mustard
1 teaspoon pumpkin pie spice = Ã?Â½ teaspoon cinnamon, Ã?Â½ teaspoon ginger, 1/8 teaspoon ground allspice, and 1/8 teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon poultry seasoning = Ã?Â¼ teaspoon thyme + Ã?Â¾ teaspoon sage
1 garlic clove, minced or pressed = 1/8 – Ã?Â¼ teaspoon instant minced garlic, or 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder
1 medium onion = 2 tablespoons instant chopped or minced onion or onion flakes, or 1 Ã?Â½ teaspoons onion powder
white wine = equal amount of apple juice or cider
1 cup chicken = 1 teaspoon instant bouillon or bouillon cube + 1 cup hot water
1 medium orange = Ã?Â¼ – 1/3 cup orange juice
1 tablespoon cornstarch = 2 tablespoons flour, or 1 1/3 tablespoons quick cooking tapioca
1 tablespoon tapioca = 1 Ã?Â½ tablespoons all purpose flour
1 tablespoon flour = 1 Ã?Â½ tablespoons all purpose flour
1 cup canned tomatoes = 1 1/3 cups fresh tomatoes simmered 10 minutes
1 cup tomato juice = Ã?Â½ cup tomato sauce + Ã?Â½ cup water
1 cup tomato sauce = 8 oz stewed tomatoes blended in blender, or 1 cup tomato puree, or Ã?Â¾ cup tomato paste + Ã?Â¼ cup water
Ã?Â½ cup ketchup or chili sauce = Ã?Â½ cup tomato sauce + 2 tablespoons sugar + 1 tablespoon vinegar
Ã?Â½ lb fresh mushrooms = 4 oz canned mushrooms