After Christianity, Islam is the second largest religion, followed and practiced by a huge number of people all over the world. According to Muslim beliefs, Islam is the continuation of some of the other religions like Judaism and Christianity and Mohammad (PBUH) is the last of the long list of prophets, who received revelations from God through Jibrael (Gabriel) in the 7th century A.D. Muslims also believe in other prophets like Abraham (PBUH), Moses (PBUH) and Jesus (PBUH).
Some of the basic Islamic beliefs are:
Allah is the only God and is invisible to the human eye. He remains the only Supreme Being.
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) is the last messenger of God.
The revelations received by Mohammad (PBUH) are compiled in the form of Quran, the holy book.
Islam also believes in other holy books like Psalm, Bible and Torah.
Islam believes and emphasises on the day of judgement, when everyone will be held accountable for his/her deeds.
Read more: Top 10 Myths about Islam Religion
Catholicism, on the other hand, is the largest section of Christianity. Followers of Catholicism believe in the concept of trinity, which include God, Mary (PBUH) and Jesus Christ (PBUH). Catholics consider Jesus (PBUH) as the son of God. They have a very strong believe in church and Pope, who is considered to be the highest order of the religion. Catholics also believe that Jesus will purify them from their sins and will save them on the judgement day.
Similarities between Islam and Catholicism
Christians and Muslims believe in the same God.
The holy scriptures of both the religions have originated from the same roots.
Muslims and Christians believe in regular praying, fasting at a specific time every year and giving alms.
To get the blessings of God, both go for pilgrimages.
Catholicism believes in Jesus (PBUH) as a messiah and son of God; whereas, Muslims praise Allah as the only God.
Christians do not believe that Mohammad (PBUH) was a prophet of God.
In Quran, God has been referred to as ‘Allah’ and Bible uses some other names for God like ‘Yahweh’ or ‘Jehovah’.
Related: Difference Between Catholic and Jewish