The literal meaning of Kanji is Han characters and it was introduced in the fifth century. Kanji consists of pictographic, phonetic and ideographic characters. It was mostly developed in China but some characters of Kanji have their roots in Japan. This script is considered to be a lot more complex as compared to Kana. By combining with other Kanji scripts or Kana, the pronunciations and meanings of Kanji can be changed. Each Kanji script is believed to have a specific meaning, just like English words.
This script comes in different forms like katakana and hiragana. A syllable is represented by each character of Kana. As mentioned earlier, the present-day form of Kana used in the world was codified in 1900 and its rules were established in 1946. Unlike Kanji, Kana script has no specific meaning and it is just like English alphabets.