Belonging to the citrus species Citrus × sinensis, and the family Rutaceae, the orange is often thought to be a hybrid between the pomelo and mandarin, that has been cultivated since ancient times (as far back as 2500 BC in China). Oranges are the single most cultivated fruit tree in the entire world since 1987, and in addition to being eaten as they are, are also squeezed to produce a popular, vitamin C loaded breakfast staple – orange juice. Grown in tropical and subtropical climates, oranges are available in a large variety, and in addition to the fruit, the peel is also used in desserts, candies, and even as flavouring in teas.
Characterised by a strong, sweet taste, and the ease with which they can be peeled and segmented, tangerines are thought to be a subspecies of the Citrus reticulata (or Mandarin orange). Commonly peeled and eaten by hand, tangerines are also used in desserts, salads, and even in main dishes. They are also frequently juiced, with either fresh or frozen juice concentrate being commonly available in the United States. These fruits come in a wide variety, among these the honey tangerine, and the sunburst tangerine.