The first step is to find out a container where you can breed and keep the worms. Anything that is two feet deep will do. It can be an old rust free metal tub or any plastic container. You do not have to look outside the home for this requirement. Now make a small drainage hole in the bottom of the surface. This hole will allow any extra water to discharge. Raise the containers high on four bricks.
Add soil to the container. However, do it loosely and do not pack it down. Fill soil up to eight inches.Prefer rich dark soil with a lot of organic matter over the sandy type.
To this soil add the organic matter. Mix in the corn meal and shortening at this point. Now that you have prepared the soil, add worms to it. Top up with the damp burlap sheet and any leaves.
Caring for worms:
Return to the worms after a month. Add to the soil mixture a pound of cornmeal and a half pound of vegetable shortening. This will keep the soil fertile for breeding. Add a quart of water to the mixture. Do this regularly after every four weeks.
When you want to harvest the worms for use in fishing, remove just the top layer of the soil in to a bucket. Wait for a couple of hours and then shift back the soil to the container, slowly and carefully. The worms will have shifted to the bottom of the container. Make sure you leave enough worms in the container to breed further.