First of all, you have to create a list of gold stocks which are being offered in a particular financial market. There are many websites which provide the list of gold stocks and financial data of the past few years. You can also take help of a financial consultant but you will have to pay a particular amount of money for that.
After creating the list of gold stocks, you have to categorise them. You can categorise the stocks according to their value, price stability and future prospects. You may have to buy a few gold stocks in the beginning in order to understand the fluctuations in their prices.
It is extremely important for you to note down the cost of each company which is offering gold stocks in the financial markets. You must understand that cost which the companies spend on gold mining. Some companies use low-cost cutting-edge technology in gold mining which may involve risk. Moreover, you should also keep leverage in mind as few companies use high-cost methods of gold mining to increase their profitability to get more money from the investors.
You must also keep an eye on the gold reserves of the companies. Some companies have huge profits but little gold reserves which can be extremely risky in a financial crisis.
While investing in gold stocks, you must analyse the situation of the company and the region in which it is operating. Sometimes, the investors lose huge amounts of money because of risks like political instability in a particular region.
You must diversify your risk by investing your money in different options of gold stocks. Never invest only in one stock and make a portfolio of your investments.