Warm-up before exercise
Most muscle injuries occur due to lack of warm-up before exercise. Stretch each and every muscle of your body before working out. Stretching exercises are very basic and can be easily learnt from trainers. If you warm up nicely before a physical activity, your chances of preventing muscle soreness are extremely high.
Know your limits
While working out, one of the most important things is to know your limits and stay within them. There are many people who start going to a gym and try to behave like a professional body builders from day one. Such an approach is most likely going to have adverse effects on your body, which will become more prone to injuries. Begin with light exercises and gradually increase the intensity.
Control lactic acid
Access of lactic acid in the body is one of the major causes behind muscle soreness. You can lower down the level of lactic acid in the body through more and more exercise and movement of the body. You can push out the lactic acid by flexing your muscles.
Fish oil, filled with amino acids, is a natural supplement that can play a massive role in preventing muscle soreness.
If you indulge yourself in a physical activity regularly, it is imperative for you to give special attention to your diet. Have a balanced diet and try to avoid junk food. You should focus on nutrition, which is found in abundance in fresh vegetables and fruits.
In order to strengthen your muscles, you should have appropriate intake of dairy products and meat - all sources of protein.