The best way to tell a toad from a frog is by analysing the skin. The skin of a frog is smooth whereas a toad’s skin has bumps all over it which are quite identical to warts.
Hold the amphibian you want to identify in your hands and try to get a feel of its skin. If the amphibian feels wet or moist, you are holding a frog. On the other hand, a toad’s skin is bumpy and dry.
Another differentiating factor between a frog and a toad is that former needs to moisten its skin from time to time. However, the same is not true for a toad. This means that the amphibian you see in your garden where there is no water around is a toad.
Closely look at the body structure of the amphibian to tell if you are looking at a frog or a toad. An amphibian with a raised back, two ridges and webbed feet is indeed a frog.
The way an amphibian moves around can also help you distinguish between a frog and a toad. You would be looking at a toad if it is making movements like it is walking. On the other hand, if the amphibian under scrutiny hops with the help of its back legs, it is a frog.
If you are able to get close enough, another possible way to tell a frog from a toad is by looking at the tongue. A long and sticky tongue will point to a frog because it has to prey on bugs from a distance. On the other hand, toads make use of their mouth to catch prey and thus do not have long tongues.