The Federal Republic of Nigeria, or simply Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic consisting of 36 states. The federal capital territory of Nigeria is Abuja. Nigeria has a covered area of 923,768,64 Sq. Km and has a population of 110 million. Business hours for banks in Nigeria are 8 a.m. to 1.30 p.m. from Tuesday to Friday and 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. on Mondays. Federal government offices remain open from 7.30 a.m. to 3.30 p.m. Monday to Friday, while the commercial offices remain open from 8.00 a.m. till 5 p.m. The Nigerian workers observe a long weekend (Saturday-Sunday) every week. Besides weekends, they also enjoy ten public holidays and at least four movable religious holidays.
The federal republic of Nigeria is roughly divided in half between Christians (concentrated in south) and Muslims (who live mostly in north). A public holiday in Nigeria is a holiday that has been established by the Nigerian law makers over the years. However, the Federal government can also declare a public holiday on a certain special occasion that has not yet been listed under national/ public holidays in the Nigerian constitution. Usually the public holidays in Nigeria are meant to celebrate special occasions like the annual celebrations of a historical event (Independence Day), or can be a religious celebration like Christmas. The movable holidays, on the other hand, include the days off observed by the Muslim residents of Nigeria, including Ramadan, Mawlid, Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. These Muslim holidays may take place at any time of the year and are observed as public holidays under Nigerian law.