How to Observe Ramadan

Ramadan falls during the ninth lunar cycle of the Islamic calendar. This holy month is of extreme importance for people who practice the Islamic faith as Muslims in all parts of the world observe Ramadan with immense religious zeal. Muslims in different regions of the globe may observe a fast at a slightly different time, as Ramadan is marked by the emergence of the new moon. The one day period of fasting is called siyyam or sawm. After a whole month of fasting, Muslims celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, which is a day of joy for the whole Islamic brotherhood. Keep in mind that Quran, the word of Allah (or God) was first revealed to Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) during the month of Ramadan.


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    Fast is the fourth of the five pillars of Islam. If you are 13 years of age or more, you should not leave any fast during the month of Ramadan, until or unless you have a genuine problem. Even in case of a genuine issue, you are obligated to make up for the lost fasts after Ramadan or by feeding the poor.

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    Pray regularly

    It is necessary for a Muslim to pray five times a day, even in routine life. However, it is even more important to pray while fasting. Without praying, there is no point starving yourself all day. For men, it is recommended that they pray in a mosque, while Muslim women can pray at home.

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    Read Quran

    Every Muslim should try to read the Quran in the month of Ramadan. If you are not able to comprehend Arabic, it is strongly advised that you read the holy book with English translation or a translation in your native language. This will help you easily understand the words of Allah.

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    Abstain from all kinds of evil

    Allah says clearly in the Quran that he does not need a Muslim to abstain from eating or drinking if he is going to continue with all his evil practices while fasting. You must keep yourself away from any wrongdoing, such as lying, misbehaving with others, backbiting or hurting others through any means. Curb your bad habits and show restraint during this month.

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    Zakat (charity)

    One should give his or her stipulated Zakat during the month of Ramadan. It is an Islamic way of helping people in need as you are required to donate 2 and ½ percent of your savings to the poor. You may consult a religious scholar or conduct your own research to find out the requirements.

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