Skin burns are extremely painful and may range from first degree to third degree. Regardless of the extent of the skin burn, prompt treatment is usually required. Classifying a skin burn may be difficult. For example, victims may have difficulty distinguishing between a first/second degree burn and second/third degree burn. Here are a few tips to help you quickly identify burns, and know which treatment to seek.
First Degree Skin Burns:
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Least severe type of burn
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Injures only the top layer of skin
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Symptoms include skin that is red, sore, swollen, and itchy
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Often causes by sun damage, chemicals, steam, hot water, friction, and cigarettes
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Hold the burn area under cold water for 10 minutes
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Apply burn cream or ointment
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Cover area with a sterile gauze
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve pain
Second Degree Skin Burns
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Injures top layer of skin and tissue
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Symptoms include red and blistered skin. Very painful
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Large second degree burns may result in shock (fainting, weakness, nausea, moist skin)
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Often caused by hot flames, severe sun burn, grease, and extremely hot liquids
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Apply cold water to the burn area for 10 minutes
Ã¢Â?Â¢ If blisters are open, do not apply water.
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Protect the burn area with sterile gauze
Ã¢Â?Â¢ No not apply burn ointments to second degree burns
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Get medical attention
Third Degree Skin Burns
Ã¢Â?Â¢ The most severe type of burn
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Injures all layers of the skin
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Symptoms include skin appearing white or leathery, extreme pain, rapid heartbeat and breathing, shock, chest pains, and blistering ski.
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Often caused by fire, electricity, or explosive chemicals
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Requires immediate medical attention
Ã¢Â?Â¢ Third degree burns may require hospitalization in the burn unit.