You need to have enough time to conduct a critical reading of fiction. An analysis cannot be done in hurry. You may make serious mistakes, if you don’t have sufficient time.
Being unbiased is the key in this process. If the writer is your friend, it is better to avoid this activity. It is important to be unbiased in every aspect. Consider that the fiction is your own, and the one who is conducting the critical study knows nothing about you.
Determine whether the writer’s thoughts are clear as well as understandable. A lot of writers write fiction just to evoke a single emotional response in the readers. If the author wants to convey so many things at the same time, he/she is confused himself/herself.
After that, you are required to analyse the fiction’s literary elements. Read the theme, characters, plot, conflicts and other things with full concentration, and try to know what point the writer has tried to make.
Ask questions such as: Do the characters have flaws? Is the conflict justified?Are the events confusing? And Does the story contain irony?
If you find any flaws in the fiction, support your arguments with reasons. Identify the area where the writer has made a mistake. Also suggest that how could he make it better.
You are also required to identity that whether the writer has tried to manipulate things. Judge the story on solid reasons, but don’t try to be extra critical. It is fiction, and you have to give the writer a little room to play with things.
Also find out that whether the conclusion is strong enough. The writer may have done a terrific job throughout, but if the ending is not strong, you cannot ask others to read his/her work.