How to Diagnose Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer can happen to any man but normally occurs between the ages of 15 to 35. This disease is quite curable provided that your doctor can diagnose it at an early stage. As a result, you should get a routine self examination every 3 to 6 months or at least once a year. Be aware of the fact that lumps located in the genitalia do not specifically prove that you have cancer, as there are a number of conditions that are associated with it. Know that this type of cancer generally happens in just one testicle. Follow some important guidelines to diagnose testicular cancer.

Instructions

  • 1

    Consult your doctor regularly


    You need to get in touch with your doctor or perform a regular self examination in order to check if there are any problems with your health. Visit the doctor as soon as possible if you experience pain, have a lump or if you have untoward swelling in the scrotal sac. Understand that you might not always experience pain in the early stages of testicular cancer. Therefore, even if there is a lack of pain, you should not think twice about getting medical attention.

  • 2

    Check for the disease in your family

    Note down your family history and provide your physician with a list of all medications you are currently taking. Also, tell your doctor of any injuries you have previously suffered. The doctor can perform a physical, suggest lab tests or ask you to get an ultrasound to see if there is an infection. These tests can assist the physician in discovering your present situation. On the other hand, if it is requested, get a biopsy done as well. By doing this, the doctor will find out what kind of cancer cells are in your system. A lot of different cells are in the testicles and they can form into various types of cancer. The doctor can extract the cell sample by making a small cut in your groin.

  • 3

    Further tests

    You need to have blood tests, MRI, CT or X-rays to determine what stage the cancer is in and whether or not it has spread to other regions of your body. After the doctor knows the stage and type of cancer, he might remove the affected testicle or start other treatment.

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