First of all, you need to understand the fact that reading a book of proverbs requires a considerable amount of time. If you want to read it effectively, you will have to spare time everyday.
If the book is divided into chapters or has hundreds of pages, then you should set a target for yourself on a daily basis. Make sure you decide to read a specific number of pages or chapters everyday.
Do not try to learn the proverbs by heart while reading them for the first time. It will drain you and you will not be able to complete the book either. In the first reading, just go through every page of the book and read the proverbs casually.
You should designate a particular time for reading the book of proverbs. If you are a working man or woman then reading the book at night is the best idea. However, if you are a housewife then read the book of proverbs at noon when you think no one will disturb you. Proverbs have lessons for you to learn and you have to pay full attention to find out the in-depth or hidden meanings of these proverbs.
While reading the proverbs, you can note down your favorite ones for reference. Once you have your list, you can look up the people associated with those proverbs and read a little about their history. This will help you understand the context of the proverb. For instance, proverbs regarding war are often associated with renowned military commanders.
Once you have shortlisted your favorite proverbs, you can start learning them. You can either write them on a piece of paper and stick it to your bedroom door, or make a wallpaper using them for your desktop or phone.