Diabetes is a severe condition in which the sugar level in the blood goes high. Insulin is a hormone, which is responsible for the metabolic regulation of fats and carbohydrates in the human body. Thus, under production of insulin by body or unresponsiveness of body cells towards the insulin leads to high sugar in blood causing diabetes. Symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, hunger, urination, and fatigue. Diabetes is of three types. Types-1 is when body is unable to produce insulin and the person is required to get insulin injected. Type-2 is when body cells fail to respond to insulin. Gestational diabetes is the third type, which refers to increased sugar level in blood during pregnancy and can probably lead to type-2 diabetes. Although diabetes is a severe disease for which, one should necessarily consult a doctor and take proper medication for its alleviation. However, diet and other natural ways play a major role to control diabetes.
Follow the therapy
If you are a diabetic patient, then you have to be very conscious about your medication. You should not be missing any dose of your medicines that are prescribed by your doctor. Take your medicines on time in order to avoid things to get severe.
If you really want to control your diabetes, than this is one thing that you must do. Follow a special diet, compose your four time meal in such a way that it must not exceed from 1,600 total calories and 220g of carbohydrates. This will help you to maintain glucose and cholesterol level in your blood and will also control your weight at healthy level.
Exercise will help you to increase your metabolic rate, which in turn will reduce concentration of glucose in the blood and undesirable fats. It also regulates the sugar level in your blood. Go for jogging or running in evening or early in the morning daily for at least 30 minutes. You can also go on a long walk. Other than that, swimming and healthy games are also good forms of exercises to relax your mind and body.
If you are diabetic than be aware! Processed food that is manufactured in food industries may seem to be attractive and delish but as the proverb says that “all the glitters are not gold”. These food items contain several chemicals and artificial components that are not actually mentioned in the ingredient’s list. Try to have low cholesterol and organic food.
Reduce your consumption of carbohydrates to an optimal level. As when these carbohydrates are bunt in the body, they turn into sugar and enter into blood stream. Excessive consumption of carbohydrates leads increased sugar level in blood. On the other hand it should not be reduced to such extinct that your body may become deficient of sugar and causes lower energy and sugar levels. Thus your daily meal must consist of 40% of carbohydrates but not more than that.
Fiber helps to control your diabetes as it slows down the digestion as well as absorption of food nutrients allowing stagnant release of glucose in blood. Try to eat whole food that are enriched with fiber nutrients and aid to regulate the sugar level in your blood for example Kidney beans, soya beans and oatmeal etc.
Use Natural Sweeteners
If you find yourself unable to avoid sweets then you can use some natural sweeteners for example Stevia. Do not rely on any artificial sweeteners as many of them contain 50% of sugar in them but ate still authorized to be known as sugar free.
Excessive thirst is one of the symptoms of diabetes. Increased sugar in blood takes water away from the tissues and leads to dehydration. Therefore, drink as much water as possible to stay hydrated and reduce the sugar level in blood.
Increase in the production of free radicals causes oxidative stress to a diabetic. Thus by taking anti-oxidants such as Chromium, zinc, vitamin C and E and selenium through your diet, you can control your sugar level.
You should eat fruits and vegetables enriched with sufficient nutrients. Colorful vegetables like broccoli, carrot, spinach, yellow petha etc. contains high amount of anti oxidants. Fruits contain sugar i.e. fructose which raises the glucose level to the minimum extent possible by being absorbed at slower rate. Try to eat unpeeled fruits as they contain fiber. Fruits which are very sweet such as mango, chikoo and banana etc. should be taken in less quantity. Apple, orange and sweet potato helps to reduce 25% of the insulin dosage.