The word communism has been derived from a Latin word ‘communis’, which means ‘belong to all’ or ‘shared’. According to communism, the people in a society should be free from scarcity or oppression. It promotes the idea of a free society without any kind of division. In this system of government, state owns everything but it is also responsible to take care of its citizens in return.
Each and every social and economic activity is controlled in this form of government. Recent examples of communist regimes are Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the People's Republic of China (PRC), North Korea, the Soviet Union, Cuba, Cambodia and Laos.
There can be different forms of dictatorship; however, military dictatorship is the most common of them, which is still witnessed in a number of countries. In dictatorship, absolute powers are enjoyed by an individual who comes to power through force. Most of the dictators come to power in the event of an emergency or catastrophe. Once the crises is dealt with, the head of the state gives up his powers and allows the state to return to the previous social order. However, this has not been the case in most of the dictatorships in recent decades as many countries have been ruled by dictators for decades now.
The recent ‘Arab Spring’ is an example of people rising against dictatorship in Middle East and overthrowing a number of governments.