Top 10 Most Common Skin Diseases

Your skin says a lot about you and your overall health. The three protective outer layers of skin (epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous layer) help in regulating temperature, storing essential ingredients and stimulating senses. However, it is sensitive as well as it doesn’t always get much attention outside the normal context of bathing and moisturising. Consequently, skin is subject to a variety of common diseases.

Although most common skin diseases are not serious are easily treatable, but they can get worse if left untreated. So, learn about the top most common skin diseases, treat them properly and enjoy spotless glowing skin.

Instructions

  • 1

    Acne

    First on the list is Acne. It can affect anyone at some point in time but it is exceptionally common for teens. Acne pimples and cysts develop because of clogged pores, hormonal changes, bacteria, excessive oils, dead skin cells and debris. Blackheads, raised pimples, whiteheads and cysts below the skin are the common symptoms of acne.

    - Image Courtesy: acne-ltd.com

  • 2

    Dermatitis

    The word “dermatitis” depicts many categorisations of rashes or raised red spots. They can affect face, inner elbows, armpits, hands, feet and back of the knees etc. Contact dermatitis, Seborrheic dermatitis, Atopic dermatitis, Diaper rash, Stasis dermatitis, Psoriasis, Neurodermatitis, herpetiformis and Nummular eczema are common types of dermatitis. Their symptoms include reddening of skin, raised bumps, itching, scaly or cracked skin texture, tenderness and skin flakes.

    - Image Courtesy: drugline.org

  • 3

    Rosacea

    Rosacea is a skin condition that often resembles acne. This inflammatory skin disease is typified by small scaly bumps, flushing and frequent redness in the face. Rosacea affects all ages and there is no proper treatment currently available. The four major sub types of rosacea include Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, Papulopustular rosacea, Phymatous rosacea and Ocular rosacea. Sun exposure, high humidity, stress, heavy workouts, wind, marinated meat, certain dairy products, vegetables, alcoholic beverages and some skin care products are the main causes of rosacea.

    - Image Courtesy: dermatlas.med.jhmi.edu

  • 4

    Impetigo

    Impetigo is a highly infectious bacterial skin disease. It is usually caused by streptococcus or bacterium staphylococcus that enters an open wound and takes residence in the skin. Medical records show that it is the third most widespread skin disease in children, affecting preschool kids (ages 2 to 6).  The pus-filled red small sores on the skin are a major symptom of impetigo.

    - Image Courtesy: drugline.org

  • 5

    Hives

    Hives, also known as Urticaria, is another common skin disease. It is basically an eruption of inflamed, pale red plaques or bumps on the skin that emerge abruptly either as a result of the body's adverse reaction to certain allergens or for unidentified reasons. Hives occur most often from reactions to major types of allergens like infections, pets, medication, foods and stress.

    - Image Courtesy: phytoscience.ca

  • 6

    Melanoma

    Melanoma is a very dangerous form of skin cancer. It develops in the bottom layer of cells that produce “melanin,” pigment that is responsible for the colour of your skin. It can affect any part of the body but most often in the areas that are exposed to ultraviolet rays (sunlight). Make sure to cover your body or apply sun tan lotion before going into the open environment.

    - Image Courtesy: cancers.biz

  • 7

    Moles

    Moles, also known as nevi, are brown, pink or tan growths on the skin. They arise when the melanocytes or pigment cells, grow into bunches and form an outgrowth. Average people have 15 to 40 moles, which fade away after age 40. Moles are raised, flat, round or oval in shape. They are usually not dangerous at all but they have the potential to be cancerous. As a result they can convert into melanoma.

    - Image Courtesy: webmd.com

  • 8

    Psoriasis

    Psoriasis is a skin diseases caused by the severe changes in the immune system. It is characterised by red flaking rough patches on the skin. These patches appear on the face, palms, knees, elbows, lower back and soles of feet. This condition can take place at any age in both women and men but it most frequent with people in their 30's.

    - Image Courtesy: daavlin.com

  • 9

    Common Warts

    Warts are harmless bumpy growths on the skin caused by a viral infection. They resemble a solid blister or cauliflower and are commonly found on the fingers, hands and feet. There are ten varieties of warts and all of them are risk-free.

    - Image Courtesy: healthy-skin-guide.com

  • 10

    Cellulitis

    Cellulitis is also a common bacterial skin infection. During the early stage, an infected area of the skin will be red, warm, tender and swollen. As it spreads with the passage of time, the infected person may have a high fever, puffy glands and a chill.

    - Image Courtesy: clinicaladvisor.com

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