Monogastric mammals have single-chambered stomach that helps them in digesting different types of food items. Monogastrics include both carnivorous organisms like dogs and cats, and omnivorous organisms like pigs and rats. However, there are also a few monogastric species that are herbivorous like horses and rabbits. But the most important aspect in these herbivorous species is that they digest cellulose through microbial fermentation. Usually, monogastrics’ digestive system stays in rest and start working during digestion only. The monogastrics are capable and adept in eating and digesting different types of foods.
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Ruminants have a very interesting and efficient digestive system because they have four-chambered stomach which is also called Rumen, and because of this name, these animals are called ruminants. All species of ruminant are herbivores and their Rumen’s are designed in a way to digest herbivorous food. The most prominent species of ruminants are sheep, camel, koala, deer, goat, giraffe and antelopes. The four chambers of ruminant’s stomach are called Rumen, Reticulum, Omasum and the last one is Abomasum. Usually ruminants are adept in extracting all nutrients from the food that they eat and digest the food in an incredibly efficient way due to their superb digestive system.
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