The term is mostly used in England, Scotland and Australia. In Britain, the term was originally used for counties. However, in Australia, it is a local government structure which is in place in many areas.
The shire members are elected by the people where the shire operates. The scope of work for the shire is within a specified area and they deal with everyday issues of the area that directly affect the residents.
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It is also referred to as local council. These are elected bodies that look to run the affairs of a local area. Their scope is based on the basic functions and they can only take certain decisions regarding the town or the city which they represent.
The power of making decisions of crucial nature or those that may be catered at the State or Federal level are outside the jurisdiction of a local council.
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