Traditional farming had very little use of technology in it. Bullock carts were the most commonly used for helping in process. The yields were naturally low.
There were also a lot of attacks from the pests and the situation often could get out of hand easily. The main source of water for the crop was often rain.
The quality of the produce was superior and it was very healthy in nature. Since the population was not too high, the farming provided just about enough for everyone.
It is still partially in practice in many countries of the world.
- Image Courtesy: fao.org
There have many new techniques that have been introduced in recent times. The machinery has improved the process and newer techniques allow better per acre yield.
Some of the produce has been genetically modified though in order to get a greater level of production which many believe is not suitable for good health.
The use of chemical fertilizers is commonplace in the industry at the moment. In order to provide water to the crops, many techniques are now being used and the lack of rain is not as big an issue any more.
- Image Courtesy: nextscience.org