This process involves using embryonic ovum container to produce new cell and then plant it among the mass of cells and tissues for stimulating the growth of new tissues. Therapeutic cloning use female discarded ovum cells (only those cells are used which have failed in the fertility trials and no actual embryo is destroyed in this process) to harvest embryonic stem cells. The original DNA is removed from the cells and a donor DNA is injected in its place so that the ovum cells are electrically stimulated to initiate embryonic growth. Despite of its effectiveness, therapeutic cloning is not considered ethical among a huge community in the United States. Liberal groups are in favour of this methodology, whereas a significant proportion of people hold the middle ground in this perspective.
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This process involves taking genetic material from a donor egg and placing it inside an egg with no nucleus. The cell division of new egg is initiated by chemicals and electric currents and then it is placed in a female host for reproduction of new specie. Reproductive cloning effectively helps infertile couples to have children but those who oppose this method are of the view that it will significantly diminish the uniqueness of individuals. On the other hand, 95 per cent of animal cloning has resulted in miscarriages, stillbirth and life-threatening conditions as well.
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