Wire Mesh Strainer Technique
Measure the desired quantity of the dry ingredient that you want to sift and put it into a small bowl. If the required quantity is less than one cup, you can even leave it in the measuring cup. Hold the wire mesh strainer by its handle, just above a dry, clean bowl. Spoon the powdered ingredient into the strainer and tap its sides very lightly with your free hand. Keep on tapping the side of the strainer until all the powder has fallen through the wire mesh.
To fasten the sifting process, stir your hand through the powdered ingredient to push it through, but do not press it hard, just move your hand, a spatula or a spoon through it. This will sift faster than just tapping the strainer.
Wire Whisk Technique
You can also use a wire whisk to sift your dry ingredients. Measure the desired quantity of flour or powdered sugar, whichever requires sifting, and pour it into a dry and clean bowl. Gently stir the powdered ingredient with a hand whisk. Continue whisking until the dry ingredient has a smooth and fluffy appearance.
If you don’t have wire mesh strainer or wire whisk, use a fork to remove the lumps and sift the powdered ingredient. Put the desired amount of flour or sugar in an empty mixing bowl, and run a fork through it to add air and break up any lumps. Keep on stirring with the fork until the dry ingredient is fluffy.