Before taking a photograph, one must know each and every aspect of his/her camera. It is recommended that one read its camera’s instruction manual book, and capture several test pictures to learn about those aspects.
Once you have learned all the aspects of your camera, you are ready to take a professional looking photograph. Check the lighting whether you are shooting in the open or inside. Try looking for any visible glare through your viewfinder. One must make sure that the light is appropriate to make your subject appear clearly without any shadows or glare.
Now set your camera’s ISO speed and shutter speed. ISO speed determines the sensitivity of the light on your lens while the shutter speed determines the total duration of time your camera’s shutter remain open. Although it is a bit tricky to understand that how both of these work, it is recommended that one experiments with both of these to get a better understanding of these two functions.
Once you are done setting up your camera settings, it is time to position your subject. Determine the frame with the help of looking through the viewfinder, and see whether everything that you want to capture is within your frame. Always leave room around the edges of the frame unless you deliberately want to shoot something without leaving any room.
Once everything is in place, you must focus your camera according to your subject. If you want to blur out the background, you can focus entirely on your subject by focus adjustment. In most of the Digital Cameras, autofocus option is available that is extremely handy for the amateurs. However, one must do it manually in order to give a more professional look to your photograph.
After everything is according to you perfectly placed, take the picture. It is recommended that you take multiple shots of each, and try taking pictures from different angles in order to have a variety of pictures.