A bill has to undergo different stages before becoming an Act. Though, this legislation process differs from country to country but still there is a standard structure that legislators follow.
In the first step, a member of the parliament introduces a bill. This stage is called “First Reading”. After moving a bill, speaker directs to publish it in the official gazette.
Next step is to present the bill in front of the relevant standing committee. The committee members consider general principles and clauses before making a report. After the recommendation of standing committee, the bill qualifies for the second reading which is a two-step process.
In first step, there is a general discussion for amendments and then comes the second stage in which members of the parliament discuss the bill clause by clause. After the bill is passed by one house, it is presented in other house for further discussion.
With the approval of both houses, this bill becomes an Act.
Image Courtesy: actnowus.org