Left side of heart
There is one ventricle and one atrium in the left side of our heart. Furthermore, an aortic valve and bicuspid mitral is also positioned on the left side to assist the blood circulation process. Pulmonary veins are responsible for sending oxygenated blood to this side of the heart, which help circulate the blood to different types of body cells. Ventricle wall on the left side of the heart is much thicker as compared to the other side. This is because heavy forces are required to pump the blood all across the body. Left atrium is designed to help pulmonary veins and the Aorta connect to the left side of the heart.
- Image courtesy: wiki.engr.illinois.edu
Right side of heart
Right side of the heart also functions in a similar fashion but there are some key differences in the structure and formation. Similar to the left side of the heart, it has an atrium and ventricle. It also has a tricuspid valve, SA and AV node and pulmonary valve. Deoxygenated blood from the body is sent to the right side of the heart using the internal vena cava and then the pulmonary valve sends the blood back to the lungs. Unlike the left side of the heart, the concentration of wasteful products and carbon dioxide is extremely high. Nerve impulse, “special type of tissue”, is also found in the right side.
- Image courtesy: kappamedical.com