Vulnerability can be caused due to an attitude or way of doing things. Similarly, it is possible that a new stimulus can leave someone in a vulnerable state. Animals can be vulnerable due to a predator having superior capabilities. It may not have a very significant impact.
In case of an organisation, it can be vulnerable due to its structural or operational issues. Similarly humans can be vulnerable due to emotions or lack of practical approach. Everyone is vulnerable in one manner or another.
Vulnerability can also be used to describe various computer systems that do not have the proper software to protect them from malware or viruses while accessing the internet.
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A threat is an outside force that can cause harm to a person, animal, object or an organisation. It generally carries a lot of significance and often is related to potential bodily harm. The threat can be on various forms and must be dealt with in a proper manner.
There is a possibility of reducing the threat or altogether neutralising it by adding protection that is related to the threat. Once you can carefully identify a threat it becomes easier to deal with in both the short and long term.
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