Analyse what type of damage has your braces suffered. They can be categorized in the following categories.
Minor: aesthetic (visual damage)
Medium: the wire came out of its place
Serious: The wire has been damaged, broken, twisted, or has formed a knot in it.
Major: Wire has been broken in multiple places, has left the bracket all together, and is damaging your teeth or gums.
There is no need to worry about the minor damage. It will not cause you any harm, except that the braces will lose their shine.
If your braces fall under the medium category, you require a few repairs. Use a mirror and set of small clean tweezers to fix the problem. It is better to take the braces off and then try the repairs. However, if you cannot solve the problem, call your dentist and set up an appointment within the next fortnight.
If your braces lie in the serious category then it’s time to get serious. The damage should not be categorized as serious if it’s bent or twisted in a way such that it can be fixed with your bare fingers. Use a mirror and re-align the braces wire with the help of the proper tool set. Also try to find out the reason that how did it got damaged in the first place. Were you chewing a steel wire or something?
Set an appointment with your orthodontist within the next 3-4 days and get your braces fixed or it may damage your gums permanently.
If your braces are massively damaged, there is nothing you can do, just leave it alone. Set up an emergency appointment with your dentist and get your braces fixed immediately.