Place the garlic, coriander and chili in a food chopper and chop them. You can also use a sharp knife to chop them into fine slices.
Shift the chopped slices to a medium mixing bowl and pour in fresh lime juice. Top the mixture with some salt and pepper to taste. Grab a large fork and stir the vegetable-mixture until coated well in the lime juice and form a smooth sauce. Set it aside for approximately five minutes.
Place a large pot of salted water on your stove over medium heat and bring it to boil. Add in rice noodles and boil it for 2 to 4 minutes until tender. Remove the noodles from heat and drain them thoroughly. Rinse with cold water and set them aside to drain thoroughly.
Pick a large salad bowl and mix the noodles, cucumber, carrots, mint and cabbage in it. Pour in the previously prepared sauce and toss gently for a few seconds.
Sprinkle unsalted chopped peanuts all over Vietnamese Inspired Cabbage and Rice Noodle Salad and garnish it with fresh mint sprigs. Serve immediately.