ACLS refers to a protocol for medical practitioners for handling emergency cases where people suffer cardiac arrest. It forms basis of principles and guidelines how the medical staff should act to provide swift assistance to people in emergency situations.
The ACLS is an extended form of principles and guidelines on the Basic Life Support (BLS) and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), which are designed to provide effective and immediate medical support to patients with cardiac arrest until more professional help is made available to them. The protocol is meant to save human life, which in lack of help is more certain to be lost.
ACLS also forms basis of a medical training and certification program for the medical practitioners who want to advance their knowledge and skills in the field of cardiology. The course is not offered to fresh medical graduates since they do not have any training and skills of handling these cases.
An ACLS trained and certified person is able to read numbers and data appearing on the machine when the person who suffers an heart attack is provided the life support. It is crucial time for the medical staff to act efficiently and if they are not able to understand the data provided by the machine, they can risk the life of the person in the emergency situation.
Generally, ACLS is required from all staff who work in emergencies. The staff who does not have training and certification in the field are not considered for work in emrgencies. The level of training and certification process can be different from country to country but a minimum level of skills are required in almost all countries. In some countries, it is legally not allowed to work in emergencies if the staff do not have the training and skills equivalent to ACLS.