A Semitic Akkadian kingdom that lasted from the late 25th or early 24th century BC, to 605 BC, Assyria was a powerful empire that was also referred to as Subartu. Officially known as Aššur, the main concern of the empire was war, conquest, and expansion – however, Assyrian culture also made significant advancements in architecture, engineering, civil service, agriculture, economics, law, literature, mathematics, medicine, military technology, and astronomy.
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Considered the “Holy City” of Mesopotamia, Babylon was founded by an Amorite dynasty in 1894 BC, at the site where present-day Iraq stands. Beginning as a small town, the city grew in power and prominence, led as it was by top priests in the hierarchy. A large bustling, multi-cultural city, Babylon focused chiefly on trade and agriculture, and was home to one of the wonders of the ancient world, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
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