Sodium atom is highly unstable and undergoes extremely fast chemical reactions with other non-metallic atoms. Its reaction with water is extremely violent and generated a lot of heat. Sodium atoms do not possess some of the typical metallic properties, as this metal is very light in weight, lesser dense and can float on the surface of water. Sodium atoms do not possess any charge.
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These positively charges particles are highly unstable and react with oppositely charges ions very quickly. New chemical compounds are formed when two oppositely charged ions combine together. The charge comes upon sodium atom when the number of electrons decreases than the number of protons, converting sodium atom into sodium ion. Sodium ion forms ionic bonds when combined with a negatively charged ion to form a new chemical product.
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