It is a common word in English that suggests length or duration of time. In colleges, terms states the academic term of an educational institution. Various schedules are observed in a number of schools and these depend on the weather conditions in most cases. Nevertheless, in the Southern Hemisphere, the term begins in February and end in December. Moreover, hot climate in Northern Hemisphere restrict the session to conclude by May or June as it gets too hot for students to attend colleges. Also there can be 2 or even 4 terms in a year.
Semester means a half year or 6 months. The academic term of a university might be one semester which suggests that there are 2 terms in a year. Furthermore, the academic schedule is distributed into 2 semesters. In other colleges, trimester is used which divides a year into 3 with 4 months sessions. There are also quarters as terms in a college distributing a session into 4. If a college follows the semester schedule, the term might be divided into Fall and Spring semesters.