How to Document Sources in APA Style
by Heather A. Fowler
The latest American Psychological Association Publication Handbook gives instructions for citing almost any imaginable information source – and in the age of Cultural Studies that uses TV and film for a resource and the internet, there are more places to find information for papers than ever. This article touches on only a few of the most common: books, magazine articles, online journals, internet forum postings, television episodes, and major motion pictures.
* Book authors or editors
* Date of publication
* Book title
* Publisher Information
Ruditis, P. (Ed.) (2004) Buffy the Vampire Slayer: The Watchers Guide, Vol. 3. New York, Pocket Books.
Jowett, L. (2005). Sex and the Slayer: A Gender Studies Primer for the Buffy Fan. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.
2. Magazine Articles
* Author name
* Date of publication
* Title of Article
* Title of Magazine
* Edition of Magazine
Cook, A. (2006, June). Know What You’re Signing. Writer’s Digest, 86, 38-39.
3. Online Journals/Articles
* Link to a specific article, rather than the general website address.
* Make certain to use functional URL’s.
* Author’s name
* Date of publication or update or date of retrieval, in parentheses
* Title of site, in italics or underlined
* Other relevant information (volume number, page numbers, etc.)
* Retrieval date statement
Sanderson, Peter. (2003). Comics in Context #9: San Diego 2003: Day Three: Worlds of Whedon. IGN Comics Review,
September 5, 2003. Retrieved April 10, 2006 from http://filmforce.ign.com/articles/436/436976p2.html.
Heinecken, D. (2004). Fan Readings of Sex and Violence on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Slayage: The Online International Journal of Buffy Studies, 11&12. Retrieved April 6, 2006 from http://www.slayage.tv/essays/slayage11_12/heinecken.html.
4. Internet Forum Postings
* Name of poster
* Date of posting
* Subject of post, if given
* Post number or page
* URL of forum
80sbabygirl. (2002) If Spuffy was a romantic relationship, we don’t want to be in one. Ever. [Page 2]. Message posted to
5. Television Series Episodes
* Writer’s name
* Director’s Name
* Date of episode
* Title of episode
* [Television Series Episode] or [Television Series] if referencing the series in its entirety
* Producer’s name or Production company name
* City of Production
* Name of distributor
DeKnight, S. (Writer), & Gershman, M. (Director). (2002). Seeing Red [Television Series Episode]. In Mutant Enemy’s
(Producers) Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Los Angeles, 20th Century Fox Broadcasting Company.
6. Major Motion Pictures
* Producer’s name
* Director’s name
* Date of release
* Date of film
* [Motion Picture]
* Country of origin
* Motion picture studio
Winkler, I. (Producer), & Scorsese, M. (Director). (1990). Goodfellas [Motion Picture]. United States: Warner Bros.